A newly released report on the state of artificial intelligence stated that the field has reached a turning point, and attention must be paid to the daily application of artificial intelligence technology-and the ways in which the technology is abused.
This report entitled “Gathering Strength, Gathering Storm” was released today as part of a century of artificial intelligence research, or AI100This is conceived as a century-long effort to track the progress of artificial intelligence and guide its future development.
AI100 is made by Eric Horwitz, Chief Scientific Officer of Microsoft, by Stanford University’s Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence InstituteThe funding for the project came from gifts from Stanford University alumni Horvitz and his wife Mary.
The project’s first report released in 2016 downplayed concerns that artificial intelligence will lead to the terminator rise of machines, and warned that fear and suspicion of artificial intelligence will hinder ensuring the safety and reliability of artificial intelligence technology. Sexual effort. At the same time, it acknowledges that the impact of artificial intelligence and automation can lead to social chaos.
This year’s update was prepared by a standing committee in collaboration with a team of 17 researchers and experts, claiming that the impact of artificial intelligence is increasingly affecting people’s lives, including: Movie recommendation And voice assistants for autonomous driving and automatic medical diagnosis.
The chairman of the report team and a computer scientist at Brown University, Michael Litman, said: “In the past five years, artificial intelligence has taken a leap from what mainly happens in research laboratories or other highly controlled environments to what affects people’s lives. Outside matters.” In the press release.
“This is really exciting because this technology is doing some amazing things that we could only dream of five or ten years ago,” Littman added. “But at the same time, the field is responding to the social impact of this technology. I think the next frontier is to think about how to benefit from artificial intelligence while minimizing risks.”
These risks include deeply forged images and videos used to spread misinformation or damage people’s reputation; online robots used to manipulate public opinion; algorithmic biases infect artificial intelligence with overly human biases; pattern recognition systems can be derived from multiple sources Pieced together to violate personal privacy.
The report stated that computer scientists must work more closely with experts in the social sciences, legal systems, and law enforcement to reduce these risks.
Peter Stone, chairman of the AI100 Standing Committee, a computer scientist at the University of Texas at Austin and executive director of Sony, said that one of the benefits of conducting a century of research is that every report is built on the basis of the previous report. Artificial Intelligence America.
“The 2021 report is critical to this vertical aspect of AI100, because it is closely related to the 2016 report by commenting on the changes that have occurred over the five years,” he said. “It also provides a good template for future research teams to imitate by answering a series of questions that we hope future research teams will re-evaluate every five years.”
Oren Etzioni, CEO of the Seattle-based Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence, welcomed the AI100 update in an email to GeekWire.
“The report represents a lot of work and insights from top experts in and outside the field,” said Etzioni, who was a member of the 2016 report research team but did not play a role in the update. “It avoids sensational claims, and tends to moderate academic obligations. I think this report is about the prospects of cooperation between humans and artificial intelligence, the demand for artificial intelligence literacy, and the strong non-commercial perspective from academia and non-profit organizations. The important role is correct.”
Etzioni’s only question is that the report claims that the economic significance of artificial intelligence so far is “relatively small—especially relative to expectations”.
“I do think the report may underestimate the economic impact of artificial intelligence, because artificial intelligence is usually a component technology in products produced by Apple, Amazon, Google, and other large companies,” he said.